Economic Cooperation

2020/4/21
JAPAN ODA
OverviewAntigua and Barbuda | the Commonwealth of Dominica | Grenada | Guyana | St. Christopher and Nevis | St. Lucia | St. Vincent and the Grenadines | Suriname | Trinidad and Tobago


 

Economic Cooperation

1. What is ODA?
  A variety of organizations and groups, including governments as well as international organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and private companies, carry out economic cooperation to support socioeconomic development in recipient countries. The funds and technology that governments provide to recipient countries are called "Official Development Assistance (ODA)".

2. Outlook of Japan's ODA
  Japan was once an aid recipient country from the international community during a difficult period. It has been more than 40 years since Japan started its economic cooperation to developing countries by joining Colombo Plan in 1954. Japan has become one of the largest donor countries in the world and is providing its ODA to more than 150 developing countries and regions. Japan’s ODA is classified into two types:

     (1) Bilateral assistance
     (2) Financial subscriptions and contributions to international organizations (multilateral assistance).

Bilateral assistance include grants, loans and technical cooperation and is provided to 9 Caribbean countries to which the Embassy is accredited*. Additionally, Japan is also implementing many regional projects together with CARICOM. In principle, the type of bilateral assistance program differs in each country based on the GNI/per capita.
 
    Link for Detailed Information:
    Japan's ODA white paper: http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/oda/white/index.html
    ODA Policy (link to ODA website of MOFA Japan): http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/oda/


3. Introduction of each scheme of Japan's ODA

(1) Grant Aid 
    Grant aid involves the provision of funds for the construction of buildings such as schools and hospitals; for the procurement of materials and equipment for education, training, and medical care; and for reconstruction after disasters occur.  
 

  A. General Grant Aid
    General Grant Aid is aimed at contributing to the social and economic development of developing countries. General Grant Aid plays a central role in Japan's grant program and is comprised of: Grant Aid for General Projects, which is provided for the support of projects in areas such as basic human needs (agriculture, medical and health care, public welfare and the environment), human resource development (education, research, training), and basic economic infrastructure, including regional roads; Grant Aid for Debt Relief, Non-Project Grant Aid for Structural Adjustment Support, and Grant Assistance for Grassroots Projects. Examples of Grant Aid for General Projects include the provision of funds necessary for the construction of facilities such as schools and hospitals, and for the purchase of medical equipment.

 
  B. Grant Aid for Fisheries
    Japan has offered Grant Aid for Fisheries as part of Japan's ODA scheme since 1973. The purpose of this grant aid is to contribute to the promotion of the fisheries industry in developing countries, as well as to develop and maintain friendly and cooperative relations with Japan in the fishery field. Within the framework of this grant aid, the Japanese Government provides funds for projects related to the development and utilization of fisheries resources such as:
 
    (a) Building fishery infrastructure
         (Fishery harbour, breakwater, jetty, seafood processing and distribution centre, research
          or education centre for fishery, etc),
    (b) Providing fishery equipment
         (Fishing gear, cold storage equipment, fishing boat research vessel, etc) 
    (c) Conducting community development programmes for fishing villages.

    As Japan possesses some of the world's most modern fishery technologies and has ample experience in this field, it is meaningful to help the developing countries adequately develop and utilize sustainable fisheries resources.

  C. Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Projects (GGP)
    The Japanese Government offers financial assistance for development projects designed to meet the diverse needs of developing countries. Known as Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Projects (GGP) or Kusanone, this scheme supports projects proposed by bodies such as NGOs, schools, hospitals and local government authorities. The GGP has acquired an excellent reputation for providing flexible and timely support to development projects at the grassroots level. For more details, please click here.

    Eligible countries (2021):
    Antigua and Barbuda , the Commonwealth of Dominica , Grenada , Guyana , St. Christopher and NevisSt. Lucia , St. Vincent and the Grenadines , Suriname & Trinidad and Tobago

    Download Documents: 
    GGP Brochure : Grant Assistance for Grass-Roots Human Security Projects
    GGP Points to Remember : JAPAN'S GRANT ASSISTANCE FOR GRASSROOTS HUMAN SECURITY PROJECTS (GGP/ KUSANONE)
    GGP Application Form : APPLICATION FORM FOR JAPAN'S GRANT ASSISTANCE FOR GRASSROOTS HUMAN SECURITY PROJECTS (GGP/ KUSANONE)

    (a) Objectives
    GGP provides financial assistance to NGOs, hospitals, schools, and other nonprofit associations to help implement their development projects.
The availability of GGP funding in each eligible country provides Japanese ODA with a new means of cooperation that has a direct impact on the well-being of grassroots communities.
 
    (b) Eligible Recipients
    Any type of nonprofit organization is eligible to be a GGP recipient. The only requirement is that it be a nonprofit organization implementing development projects at the grassroots level in eligible countries. The following are examples of potential recipients: international or local NGOs (of any nationality, except those eligible for the Grant Assistance for Japanese NGOs), local authorities, hospitals, primary schools, and other nonprofit associations.
 
    (c) Project Areas
    GGP mainly targets projects that aim to meet Basic Human Needs(BHN) and projects that are highly beneficial at the grassroots level and require timely support. Project areas include but are not limited to:
   
      *Poverty Alleviation
      *Public Welfare
      *Environmental Protection and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management
         (e.g. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation, 3 R's (reduce, reuse and recycle)
          and Waste Management)
      *Agriculture
      *Primary Health Care
      *Education

 
    (d) Available Funds
    GGP funds are provided to the recipient organization after an examination and evaluation of each application by the Japanese Government on an annual project-by-project basis. The grant amount per project is generally under 10 million yen. Prospective applicants should note that the following budget items cannot be financed: consumables (except in case of emergency relief or for humanitarian needs), running and maintenance costs of facilities and equipment, and administrative costs of the recipient organization.
 
    (e) How to Apply
    If your organization satisfies the conditions described above and you want to receive GGP funds to implement a development project, you should submit a completed application form to the Japanese Embassy at ggp.emb-jpn-tt@po.mofa.go.jp. The application form must be accompanied by a detailed budget for the project, a map showing the project site, estimates for the goods and services that will be purchased by the grant (from three different suppliers), a brochure about your organization, as well as financial records (for the past 3 years).
As we may need to ask you for additional information, it is essential that your organization provide a point of contact.
 
    (f) Approval Procedures
    The Japanese Government cannot support every project that is submitted. Funds are provided to appropriate projects after detailed examination and evaluation by the Japanese Government. After a Japanese Embassy receives the application form and accompanying documents from the applying organization, the Embassy will take the following steps:

      * Examination of the project
      * Site visit
      * Grant Contract
      * Disbursement of funds
      * Implementation of project
      * Changes from the original plan - subject to case-by-case approval from Japanese Government
      * Reports
      * Auditing

 
  D. Other Grant Aids
    Emergency Grant Aid
    This aid is to provide emergency assistance for relief activities in developing countries in which calamities have occurred. Based on requests from the afflicted country, multilateral organizations or the Japanese Embassy, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan decides the necessity, the amount and contents. After a decision is made, Cabinet approval needs to be obtained, and the Japanese Embassy exchanges a Note Verbal with the recipient government or multilateral organizations. Because of its nature, the required procedures for this grant aid are extremely simplified.
 
    Examples of General Grant Aid in the Accredited Countries:
    (Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines) Emergency Assistance for the countries affected by Hurricane Tomas
 
(2) Technical Assistance (Document)

    Technical cooperation projects are one of Japan’s main Official Development Assistance (ODA) overseas activities. They are results-oriented, with Japan and a developing country pooling their knowledge, experience, and skills to resolve specific issues within a certain timeframe. The projects may involve the dispatching of experts from Japan to provide technical support, invitation of personnel from developing countries for training, or the provision of necessary equipment. After receiving a request from a developing country, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) adopts various cooperation approaches (cooperation tools). In order to achieve the objective of promoting development, JICA determines how to combine these cooperation tools, how long they will be implemented, and how to time them for the most effective and efficient results. Technical cooperation projects are implemented according to the plan made through consultations with the recipient country. In order to address each problem so that a broad range of needs of developing countries can be met effectively and efficiently, cooperation plans are tailor-made and implemented jointly with the recipient country.

    (a)Dispatch of Experts: The Expert Dispatch Program’s key objective is to transfer and disseminate technical knowledge and skills appropriate to the needs of partner countries.

    (b)Acceptance of Technical Training Participants: The Acceptance of Technical Training Participants Program involves the transfer of knowledge and technology required by respective countries through the training of key administrators, technicians and researchers in developing countries and regions. This is the most fundamental human development program implemented by JICA. The program has grown steadily not only in scale but also in terms of content since its launch in 1954. JICA has been working on training related to global issues, such as the environment and HIV/AIDS, and new issues like support for democratization and transitions to market economies, in addition to basic development fields such as administration, public works, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, education, health and medical care, mining, and industry.

    (c)Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers (JOCV) Program assists in response to requests from developing countries with the overseas activities of young people who wish to cooperate in the economic and social development of developing countries. JOCVs generally spend two years in developing countries, living and working with the local people while taking part in cooperative activities. Cooperation is provided in seven fields: agriculture, forestry and fisheries, processing, maintenance, civil engineering, health and hygiene, education and culture, and sport.

    (d) Senior Volunteers The Senior Volunteer Program was preceded by the Senior Cooperation Expert Dispatch Program, which commenced in 1990 as a scheme aimed specifically at middle-aged people who have a strong interest in technical cooperation activities in developing countries making use of their skills and experience. Volunteers with extensive skills and plentiful professional experience between the ages of 40 and 69 are recruited. The recruits are then dispatched to developing countries in accordance with requests received from the governments of those countries.

    (e) Preparatory Survey: Preparatory Survey to assistance project will be conducted to ensure flexibility and speed at the project preparation stage and to achieve mutually reinforcing effects among the aid schemes. Such surveys will enable JICA to conduct both project identification and formulation in a seamless manner, thereby significantly shortening the preparation period leading to actual implementation.


(3) Japan-CARICOM Friendship and Cooperation Fund
    (coming soon)



4. (ODA) Consultation Desk on Fraud and Corruption
In order to prevent fraud and corruption in Official Development Assistance (ODA), we provide a consultation service for information related to fraud and corruption in Japan’s ODA projects.

Please visit (ODA)Consultation Desk on Fraud and Corruption for the detail.



For details of assistance to each of the countries below and past assistance projects, please click the following links:

    Antigua and Barbuda
    Dominica
    Grenada
    Guyana
    St. Christopher and Nevis
    St. Lucia
    St. Vincent and the Grenadines
    Suriname
    Trinidad and Tobago


FOR FURTHER INFORMATION:

    Link to JICA HP Latin America: jica.go.jp/english/countries/america or
    Please contact the Embassy of Japan in Trinidad and Tobago
    TEL     : 1-868-628-5991
    E-mail : embassyofjapan@po.mofa.go.jp





OverviewAntigua and Barbuda | the Commonwealth of Dominica | Grenada | Guyana | St. Christopher and Nevis | St. Lucia | St. Vincent and the Grenadines | Suriname | Trinidad and Tobago